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In Ireland, animal health surveillance comprises a combination of activities within the public and private sectors. In 2017, 27 active surveillance programmes were carried out in Ireland in a wide range of species, including cattle, sheep, pigs, horses, poultry, fish and wildlife species. DAFM is responsible for implementing many of the active surveillance programmes such as the TB Eradication Programme and the BSE Eradication Programme. It is also responsible for organising and coordinating passive, i.e. observer-initiated, surveillance for new, re-emerging and exotic diseases. The DAFM laboratories, including the Central Veterinary Laboratory and the Regional Veterinary Laboratories play a key role in this activity.