Burkholderia mallei (Glanders)

Last Modified: Tue, 11 Jul 2023 17:05:01 IST
Disease name Burkholderia mallei (Glanders)
Animal Health Law Category if applicable E, D, A
Species affected Equidae
Description Glanders is a serious zoonotic bacterial disease that primarily affects horses, mules and donkeys. In equidae the disease causes nodules and ulcerations in the upper respiratory tract and lungs. A skin form also occurs, known as `farcy’. Although cases in humans are uncommon, they can be very painful and potentially life threatening. Without antibiotic treatment, the case fatality rate in humans may be as high as 95%. Glanders results from infection by Burkholderia mallei, a Gram negative rod in the family Burkholderiaceae. This organism was formerly known as Pseudomonas mallei.
Status in Ireland Absent
Date of Last known case of disease in Ireland 1920
DAFM Division Responsible NDCC
Contact ndcc@agriculture.gov.ie
S.I. No. 130/2016 - Notification and Control of Diseases affecting Terrestrial Animals (No. 2) Regulations 2016. (irishstatutebook.ie)
Link to relevant external website
Notifiable in Ireland Yes
WOAH Listed Yes
WOAH Link https://www.woah.org/en/disease/glanders/