Infection with Burkholderia mallei (Glanders)

Last Modified: Fri, 18 Oct 2019 14:48:41 IST
Disease name Infection with Burkholderia mallei (Glanders)
Animal Health Law Category if applicable E, D, A
Species affected Equidae
Description Glanders is a serious zoonotic bacterial disease that primarily affects horses, mules and donkeys. Although cases in humans are uncommon, they can be very painful and potentially life threatening. Without antibiotic treatment, the case fatality rate may be as high as 95%. Glanders results from infection by Burkholderia mallei, a Gram negative rod in the family Burkholderiaceae. This organism was formerly known as Pseudomonas mallei. In equidae the disease causes nodules and ulcerations in the upper respiratory tract and lungs. A skin form also occurs, known as `farcy¿.
Status in Ireland Absent
Date of Last known case of disease in Ireland 1920
DAFM Division Responsible NDCC & Border Inspection Posts
Link to relevant external website
Notifiable in Ireland Yes
OIE Listed Yes
OIE Link