Infection with porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus

Last Modified: Wed, 03 Jul 2024 09:22:00 IST
Disease name Infection with porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus
Animal Health Law Category if applicable D, E
Species affected Swine
Description Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) is characterised by reproductive failure of sows and respiratory problems of piglets and growing pigs. The disease is caused by the PRRS virus, a virus currently classified as a member of the order Nidovirales, family Arteriviridae, genus Arterivirus. The primary target cell of the virus is the alveolar macrophage of the pig. Two major antigenic types of the virus exist, the type 1 (European) and the type 2 (American). The virus is primarily transmitted via infected pigs but also by faeces, urine, semen and saliva.
Status in Ireland Infection / Infestation
Date of Last known case of disease in Ireland n/a
DAFM Division Responsible VPHPPH
S.I. No. 130/2016 - Notification and Control of Diseases affecting Terrestrial Animals (No. 2) Regulations 2016. (
Link to relevant external website
Notifiable in Ireland Yes
WOAH Listed Yes

  • PRRS (pdf 206Kb)