Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS or blue ear)

Last Modified: Fri, 18 Oct 2019 12:10:27 IST
Disease name Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS or blue ear)
Animal Health Law Category if applicable D, E
Species affected Swine
Description Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) is characterised by reproductive failure of sows and respiratory problems of piglets and growing pigs. The disease is caused by the PRRS virus, a virus currently classified as a member of the order Nidovirales, family Arteriviridae, genus Arterivirus. The primary target cell of the virus is the alveolar macrophage of the pig. Two major antigenic types of the virus exist, the type 1 (European) and the type 2 (American). The virus is primarily transmitted via infected pigs but also by faeces, urine, semen and saliva.
Status in Ireland Absent
Date of Last known case of disease in Ireland 2015
DAFM Division Responsible Veterinary Public Health, Pig & Poultry Health Division
Contact pigandpoultryhealth@agriculture.gov.ie
Legislation http://www.irishstatutebook.ie/eli/2016/si/130/made/en/
Link to relevant external website
Notifiable in Ireland Yes
OIE Listed Yes
OIE Link http://www.oie.int/en/animal-health-in-the-world/animal-diseases/Porcine-reproductive-and-respiratory-syndrome/#D